The ancient Greeks and Romans invented a bleach color. It was a mixture of oxide and calcium hydroxide, so it was only natural. So they changed the formula and soaked the sponges in the lead mixture for two months. I don’t know if it did any less harm.
Interestingly, in the past, class, and origin were known by hair color. In other words, in the Roman Empire of the 300s B.C., blonde hair was considered a sign of a chaste girl. Indeed, many wore wigs, but some tried to dye them with plants and berries.
Hair dye, like glitter, appeared before our time. Indeed, it is hard to call it to paint. Archaeologists have shown that ancient people used minerals (such as iron oxide in the soil), plants, and insects to paint their bodies and hair with color. The Egyptians, who lived before our time, also painted their gray hair with a composition of lead salts and lime. It caused a chemical reaction that dyed their hair blue-black. Saffron and alfalfa were also used.
What is Hair Bleaching?
Hair bleaching is a procedure in which the pigment is removed from the hair. Most of the time, only partial removal of color is needed. But it is possible to bleach curls completely. The procedure is universal: it works on both colored and natural hair.
How Did the Bleached Hair Trend Start?
A long time ago, about 3,000 years ago, people started bleaching their hair. At first, it wasn’t done for beauty but to show who was important in society. In Ancient Egypt, for example, only the pharaohs and priests who held power dyed their black hair wings or dark brown. In wild tribes, there are leaders and shamans.
Aesthetic patterns in hair bleaching may have started in Ancient Greece, where ashy-golden hair was considered cool and was made with scented powders that tinted the hair.
In ancient Rome, the blond was especially prized by wealthy patricians. Back then, there were two ways to feel “light-headed”: wear bleach your hair differently, but mostly with mixtures of herbs, quince, and ash.
With the arrival of Queen Elizabeth, who had red hair, fiery hair bleaching may have become popular for the first time in medieval England. Far from the British Isles, many European women bought red wigs and dyed red hair to look like the famous queen.
In the 1860s, it became popular in France to lighten your hair. A few years later, the London chemist E. H. Thielley and the Parisian hairdresser Leon Hugo were the first to use hydrogen peroxide to lighten the hair. It’s important to note that hydrogen peroxide was and still is used as a bleaching agent.
Our ancestors did not even think about the hair dyes we have now. If you could go back in time, any woman who went to a regular hair salon to get her hair bleached would have been a star at any royal court.
But now, it’s about how everything got started and what happened between the past and the present.
From the Past to the Present
Egyptians had been bleaching their hair for a long time. People say that they also dyed their hair, and that the gray hair dye they used came from animals, plants, and minerals.
Christians thought it was wrong to bleach hair or wear makeup in general during the Middle Ages. But photos of the Anglo-Saxons, who lived in remote areas at the time, show that both men and women had blue hair, so it is thought that they did bleach their hair. So, bleaching hair seems to have stayed a part of culture, even if only in a small way.
The Early Modern Era
During the late Renaissance, near the end of the sixteenth century, blond hair was popular in Venice. This was done again by bleaching hair by washing it with lye and leaving it in the sun for several hours. In the 1600s, Queen Elizabeth I of England had red hair, and it became popular to wear clothes that showed off red hair.
Organic chemistry started as a branch of experimental philosophy that grew into its own field in the 21st century. Before that, pigments were always made from natural materials. Then, organic synthesis was used to make pigments, and tar, which was the newest and most important raw material for organic synthesis at the time, was used to make a group of synthetic pigments called tar pigments. In 1856, a British man named W. Perkin made mauve and put it to use in factories. This was the start of this process. During this time, important ingredients that are still used in hair dyes today were found and found to be helpful.
Why Bleached Hair Became Trendy
Today, stars choose Old Hollywood blonde precisely because of the opportunity to create an unusual shade of hair. Let’s face it, extremely bright coloring has already bored everyone. Similarly, a million variations of balayage – which, no doubt, is very beautiful – are found every step of the way.
Pure platinum blonde is slowly becoming a thing of the past. Like its trendy gray variations, it was all over social media just a couple of years ago. Unlike them, the new “retro blondes” that the stars loved so much can be adapted to any color type of look – recall that we are already talking about blonde shades that are not for everyone. We can add more or less yellowish, pinkish, or peachy shades to accentuate a girl’s eye color or skin tone. And yes, this is the difference between classic blonde and newer techniques. It involves using even warmer undertones to make the hair look just discolored.
How Long Does the Bleached Color Last?
The lush blonde looks grungy – in the style of 1980s and ’90s rock stars. But don’t forget about the texture of the hairstyle. Just washed, loose-rooted hair won’t do wonders. It needs to be slightly curled, gathered, or given a little volume with a texturizing spray.
Some say that going blonde is difficult and risky. Nonetheless, hairdressers note that the demand for girls for such extreme light coloring is increasing. The extend pandemic seems to have influenced the prevalence of this trend. Many are looking for a drastic and unusual change.
Hair Bleaching Stages
There are different stages that hair can go through when it is bleached. There are seven stages, but not all hair needs to go through all seven to achieve the same result; in a single treatment, it may only need to go through one stage, depending on the client’s hair’s condition and the desired outcome. Nevertheless, we make an effort to minimize hair damage.
Stage 1: Deep Brown
It comes after bleaching very dark or black hair, which is the first step. The bleaching agent has already rendered the hair’s natural black pigment invisible at this point.
Stage 2: Dark Brown
It is the final shade of brown hair after lightening. It frequently serves as the foundation for a lighter, healthier shade without endangering the scalp or hair.
Stage 3: Dark Blonde
Depending on the client’s hair color, this stage will result in brown, dark blonde, or yellow undertones. Your undertone will be light brown if it is brown and dark blonde if it is yellow.
Stage 4: Extremely Pale Blonde Hair
When the pigments that give hair its Color have already been nearly completely removed, this is one of the final stages of discoloration. A very light yellow pigment might remain after the dark yellow pigment has been eliminated. Due to the lack of yellow pigment, the outcome is a pale yellow color.
Seven Stages of Discoloration
Now that you know what the seven hair bleaching stages entail let’s look at some crucial information you need to be aware of to implement these stages successfully.
Different breaching stages present unique challenges for you as a professional and your clients. More than one stage should not be attempted in a single session. The levels of discoloration should be programmed under the client’s expectations and natural color.
How can I determine how many stages I should go through as a client? You might be wondering. It’s pretty easy to figure out with enough practice; eventually, you’ll be able to do it by observing your client’s hair. Anyhow, here is some advice.
You must first ascertain the stage you are in and the level you hope to reach. Second, you must determine the total number of steps between the point you have reached and the desired result. To meet their expectations, it would be helpful if you determined how many stages you need to pass through.
For instance, you must count the stage the customer is at and the stage they want to reach if they want to go from being a medium blonde to a very light blonde. Three bleaching stages must be completed to get the desired outcome in this case.
In this situation, it’s crucial to wait at least two to three weeks between bleachings. Otherwise, the client’s hair could suffer serious harm. Keep the hair moisturized during this period to prevent breakage or burning during the subsequent treatment.
Knowing these stages of discoloration will help us provide more sensible and helpful advice for the needs of our clients. By doing so, you can schedule sessions and appointments that ensure excellent outcomes and care for the hair’s health.
Beyonce, who wore a version of the bleached-front look for the first time the year before, is essentially to blame for how popular it has become.
Generally, the layers were lighter and dyed a lighter color. The trend lasted a few years, peaking in the early 2000s, after which I assume it became taboo to call it that.
Ancient Greeks and Romans colored their hair with bleach. Romans made a black dye, while Saxons used orange, green, and blue.