The Lexus car brand is owned by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota Motor. The division specializes in the production of luxury cars. At first, models were supplied only to the American market later, and the brand spread far beyond the borders of the States. At the moment, sales are established in more than 70 countries.
The Beginning of the Japanese Brand – 1983-1990
The history of Lexus began in 1983. Thus, the company is recognized as one of the youngest Japanese auto makers. That year, Toyota’s chairman of the board sets a goal – to make the best executive car, which would have no analogues in the world. In addition, during these years, the fuel crisis that occurred in the 70s was fresh in my memory. Buyers were again looking at expensive cars, and since most manufacturers refused to fill this segment, the road was open. In the 80s, premium, reliable, high-quality cars took on a second life. The trend was most pronounced in the United States. At that time, Toyota Motor was already actively engaged in supplying reliable cars, but it was impossible to call them luxury. At this point, management decides to form a unit.
Of course, to take such a risky financial step, experts began to explore the existing market on a large scale. The long design process led to heated arguments among Toyota’s management team. One part was sure that a new brand was needed to create luxury cars. Others insisted on keeping the name to make a universal brand and releasing expensive models to draw attention to cheap ones. Heated disputes led to the need to conduct research within the exporting country. They studied potential buyers’ tastes, lifestyles, and life characteristics during the year. As a result, they concluded the need for a new brand and the creation of a changed sales channel. So there was a division of Toyota – Lexus.
In 1986, the advertising agency with which the parent company, Saatchi & Saatchi, has long cooperated, organized a separate “branch“, which begins to create and promote the brand. A consulting company is also joining the cause, having prepared a list of 219 potential names. It was from them that the “applicants” for the brand’s title were chosen.
60 designers, 1400 engineers, 220 support staff and 2300 mechanics took part in developing the first car. The number of investments amounted to more than 1 billion dollars. But, despite all the difficulties, the project was completed. The vast company introduced its firstborn – the Lexus LS 400. The bet in this model was made on Lexus’s unique design and outstanding performance. A 4.0-litre V8 engine provided Rear-wheel drive.
The model was presented at an exhibition in Detroit in 1989. The new Lexus LS 400 went on sale in September 1989. At the same time, deliveries were arranged simultaneously to 81 dealers. Note that the representative network was the most developed by that time, and the advertisement of the future “premium” was on TV. The print media tirelessly printed an article about the upcoming novelty. When the sales began, the public was maximally “charged” for the purchase. It was assumed that Lexus would be bought by a car enthusiast who appreciates rich equipment, excellent dynamics, economy and an ergonomic interior. At first, automotive critics complained about the quality of the suspension, which did not live up to expectations and did not correspond to the level of declared comfort.
Despite this, the magazines instantly revealed the main competitors of the LS400 – superior to the Mercedes -Benz 420 SEL and BMW 735i, which indicated a high result of the work. These models were compared with handling, performance and smoothness. In most studies and test drives, Lexus took the lead. This fact did not go unnoticed: the company received the award for the best-imported car of the year, the title of leader in the ranking of cars from JD Power and Associates. German manufacturers did not expect the emergence of such a powerful competitor. Hence, a sharp decline in sales (BMW lost 29%, and Mercedes 19%) caused a solid blow to the financial component of these companies.
In December 1989, a massive recall program was based on two complaints from Lexus customers. Reviews began due to identified defects in electrical wiring. At the same time, the action was voluntary. The automaker, wanting to preserve the image, offered a 20-day operation, where brand employees pick up the car on their own, repair it and return it to the owner. The company also bears the costs of possible flights to service vehicles whose owners live in remote areas. The competent actions of the management made it possible to attract the maximum amount of attention. Newspaper headlines touted the high level of service. By 1989, sales were high for the Lexus EU segment.250 and LS 400 were sold 16,392 times in total. The following year, total sales reached 63,594 vehicles. After that, Lexus enters the market of Canada, Switzerland, Australia and the UK.
Development of the Brand and Model Range of the Company – the 1990s
In mid-1991, the Japanese introduced a new model – the SC 400 sports coupe, which retained the Lexus LS 400 engines. Improved dynamics: the speed of 100 km / h is reached in 6.9 seconds. After that, the second generation of the ES 250, the ES 300 from Lexus, appears on the market. Photos prove that the new sedan was bright and expressive, which was the sales records. It is believed that this model has become the best-selling representative of the brand.
In 1992, the company received two awards from Car and Driver and Automobile Magazine to create the CS400 and EC300. The brand bypasses the sales of promoted German brands. Lexus has become the leading importer in the US market. By September, an updated version of the LS appears on the market. According to the engineers, they corrected 50 elements.
January 1993 will be remembered by fans for the appearance of the bright Lexus GS 300 model. Giorgetto Giugiaro himself had a hand in the design. A year later, the novelty was sold in Europe after being presented at the Frankfurt Salon. Despite the brand’s popularity, it remains under the leadership of Toyota, so Toyota S is used as a platform donor.
The second-generation LS400 hit the market in 1994. Fans saw a redesigned version of the flagship version. At this time, the brand itself wins the fifth victory in the JD Power and Associates rating, reflecting customer satisfaction.
By 1995, the manufacturer realized the need for a premium SUV and the Lexus LH 450 was born. It was a converted premium version of the Toyota Land Cruiser by and large. It is worth saying that continuity made it possible to adopt the best moments, including all-terrain characteristics. In two months, a vast number of cars were bought, the number of which outstripped those of Range Rover. The model was developed in record time, as the US government was preparing a project to introduce a 100% state duty on premium Japanese cars to protect their car brands. As a result, the duty extended to the entire range of Lexus.
It is noted that in connection with customers’ loyalty, it was possible to stretch Lexus financially. The performance of the SUV was based on a 4.5-litre 4-valve engine, which produced 215 horsepower at full load. It differed from the LC from Toyota with a profile lining, a radiator grille, wheels and an improved Shumkov. Despite the increase in the cost of Lexus management, the price of which was already solid, they decided to expand their geography.
In 1997, another HPS concept was presented in Detroit. It was distinguished not only by the 4.0-litre V8 but also by the appearance of the innovative VVT-i system. It was a prototype of the next generation of the future GS 300 sedan. At this time, the SLV concept is being exhibited in Chicago, which turns the idea of \u200b\u200bcomfortable cars: it manages to combine the off-road properties of crossovers and the convenience of a premium sedan. So, in 1998, sales of the Lexus RX started.
A three-litre engine is installed under the hood, aggregated with an automatic transmission in 4 steps. Engineers managed to correctly combine the characteristics of an SUV, sedan and station wagon, which made this car the most luxurious cross-country car on the market. In 1998, the sports car Lexus appeared. Sales begin in Brazil, and by 1999, the millionth car is sold.
Brand Development at Present
Lexus sales have picked up since the introduction of the IS sports sedans in 2000. The central thesis during the creation was to obtain maximum performance from luxury cars. As a result, in 2001, the brand’s first convertible appeared – the SC 430 and the third generation of the LS 430. Lexus should be considered an ultra-modern brand in connection with the emergence of luxurious innovations.
In 2003, the first Lexus appeared – a hybrid. It is the 400h RX model. It can be attributed to the already existing 330 and 350 families, but with a difference in the radiator grille the appearance of round foglights and LEDs in the rear optics. The Lexus Hybrid Drive system is used, making Lexus’ consumption less, transmission power increases, and emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere are reduced.
In 2006, the company entered the super-luxury level. Since then, it has sold at the level of such giants as Rolls-Royce, Maybach and Bentley. This year there is a rumour that Lexus plans to release a limousine that will replace the Toyota Century in the emperor’s family. In 2014, the premium compact crossover Lexus HX was introduced. After the exhibition in Beijing, the manufacturer supplemented the lineup with three modifications: classic – 200, hybrid – 300h, and turbocharged 200t from Lexus. Complete sets were also presented in several versions, which allows customers to satisfy the needs for the functionality and dynamism of the machine as much as possible by choosing the appropriate option, both in terms of price and characteristics.
In general, the history of Lexus 2019 continues. The highly successful brand is not limited to the US market. Now you can buy luxury cars all over the world. The brand continues to receive awards and prizes, and it is hardly possible to calculate how many Lexus have occupied the top positions in the ratings. Laudatory reviews are left not only by experts but also by fans of the brand. The brightest enhance the appearance, tuning the Lexus, although the latter does not need serious modifications.
Currently, automated production is considered one of the best in the world. The production of luxury cars is currently the manufacturer at the Tahara plant. The peculiarity of production is complete sterility. During the entrance to the production hall, all employees go through an air shower, which removes all dust from clothes. An interesting fact: every 87 seconds, one car descends from the assembly line.
BMW G21 320i Touring M Sport: Features Engine And Photos
The protagonist to be shared this time is the BMW G21 320i Touring M Sport. I dare not say it is a big fan of station wagons. More precisely, I feel that I have no Wagonist atmosphere of hedonic life. From the point of view of car purchase, the same car model will give priority to Sedan, or In the form of 4 door coupe, if you only appreciate it, the whole situation is reversed.
After all, the station wagon can especially show the attitude and style of the owner. Practical storage space, undiscounted driving experience, and a sporty yuppie atmosphere. It is not difficult to understand why the station wagon continues to dominate When it comes to station wagons, Audi is a recognized expert, and it is difficult to find an Audi Avant BMW G21 that is not well-shaped without controversy. It is a model that perfectly integrates sports aesthetics in my heart.
After buying the G21, I want to make an appointment to appreciate the car. You may want to watch the G21 and go to the showroom to watch it. A special person is also explaining it, but it is just like watching a movie. It’s more interesting to have three or five friends together. Unfortunately, the day of delivery was missed due to personal factors.
Later, the junior seems to have made some “bad friends” ( the car was mistakenly connected to the modified product, then wait for him to change to a stage and wait for God. It’s been a good day. Let’s have a little fun with cars. Sharing From the G generation, we can see significant differences between BMW’s ambitions and evolutionary models.
The three series maintain the horizontal proportion of the nostrils, and the features on the lower edge of the headlights are completely separated from the four series. The overall layout still retains the BMW style and texture. It feels improved, and the lines are more heroic. The lines are firm and soft, thick yet light. Speaking of which, BMW regained the global sales champion of luxury brands from Benz last year.
I saw G21 and couldn’t help but think of my old friend’s F31 AA number. Time flies. From my taste, everyone is quite familiar with the G21 car series. Here is an introduction to the non-original part of the long-lasting unbeaten formula: white car, dark frame, bright calipers, yellow nose hair. Front The chin, rear spoiler, and forged carbon texture are more layered. I think that the modification has reached the right balance to complete the so-called handsome but not tight task, and then more advanced such as air suspension, cutting explosion Turtle, move to the power chassis, etc.,
I haven’t touched the BMW 3 series for a long time and drove around for a while, and the tightness makes people miss the M steering wheel, which is still thick and reluctant to let go of the
BMW G21 320i Touring M Sport – exterior
BMW G21 320i Touring M Sport – interior
In this transitional period from oil to electricity, if you have a favorite pure fuel car model, don’t miss this sharing and come to an end here. Thanks for the patience in reading this, friend. It’s been a long time since I’ve driven a BMW, and even the last station wagon has been sold for a long time, but I can’t help but admire the G21 on the road if there is a pure electric version.
Porsche 718 Boxster T: 6 Cylinder Naturally Aspirated Classic Engine
The current generation of the Porsche 718 Boxster has always won my heart in terms of handling performance since its launch in 2016, including the passion for test driving the 718 Boxster Spyder more than a year ago is still unforgettable, sharp corners. The machine is paired with a six-cylinder naturally aspirated classic engine.
This combination will make people want to buy one for collection anyway. Compared with the Boxster Spyder, the protagonist of this time, the 718 Boxster T, although the power configuration is at the entry-level, the overall combination brings I don’t think it will lose the driving pleasure to the Boxster Spyder at all, especially the Boxster T includes the PASM Porsche Active Suspension Adjustment System, the PTV Porsche Torque Distribution System and the mechanical rear axle differential as standard equipment. The six-speed manual transmission configuration, focusing on the setting of driving pleasure, is precisely the product appeal of the 718 Boxster T!
In the past, Porsche 911 has launched the Carrera T model, and this time the 718 Boxster T also uses “Touring” to represent the T in the car name, emphasizing the meaning of travel. Many people, including me, are immensely Enjoying the process of driving a long-distance trip, whether it is purely to experience the driving pleasure brought by the vehicle or to explore the beautiful scenery. This kind of free feeling requires actual participation to undergo.
The Boxster T I tested this time is a car that allows you to participate in the fun of driving entirely. It does not have particularly luxurious or high-tech equipment. The manual transmission configuration makes you feel significantly “involved” when going. The limited space in the car and luggage compartment will not allow you to take camping equipment on the road. If you look closely, you will find that the air conditioning system is a rare heating and cooling air conditioning specification. If you want to buy this Boxster T in some areas, it may be Even the multimedia host of the centre console will not be attached (it is standard for models sold in Taiwan); but after all, convertible enthusiasts have a “magnetic field” division, which means that those who like them will be inextricable. I always pick and choose what I want; for me, it belongs to the former. Unlessa it is raining, I will drive in an open-top state, not afraid of the sun!
The headlights are equipped with standard xenon lamps and blackened LED headlight auxiliary lighting. With the configuration of the test drive in all black, it can be said to be a very eye-catching matching method; if you have further functional requirements for the lighting system, you can still choose to equip it with an upgraded PDLS dynamic or LED headlights with PDLS Plus lighting system.
There is a sticker with the words “718 Boxster T” on the side of the car. The original standard 20-inch Carrera S black aluminium ring has a perfect shape. The braking system has four front and four rear four-piston black brake callipers. The dimensions of the front and rear discs are 330mm and 299mm.
The canopy mechanism is an electric opening and closing type, which can be operated through the button behind the rear seat. The canopy can be opened or closed in about 9 seconds, and the top can also be opened and closed during travel (within 50km/h).
The ten-spoke Carrera S aluminium rim is very pleasing to the eye, and the 20-inch specification also makes the whole car look more imposing. The original tires use the front and rear formulas, respectively, the front 235/35ZR20, the back 265/30ZR20, the width is wider than the previous test drive. The 718 Boxster Spyder is slightly narrower.
The 718 series is one of the few Porsche models that has not yet used the design of through-type taillights, but the beautiful rear line shape, which has been launched for a long time in this generation of models, still looks very attractive.
The rear wing has an electric lift function, and the lift can also be controlled manually through the buttons in the car.
The front luggage compartment has a volume of 150 litres, and it is not a problem to put it directly into a set of boarding boxes.
The original factory has not announced the space volume of the rear luggage compartment, but it is not a problem to store luggage for two days of travel. However, due to the mid-engine configuration, the rear luggage compartment will still feel the temperature from the engine room, which is not suitable. Place items that are not resistant to high temperatures.
Boxster T does not have many apparent differences compared with other Boxster models. The door handle is changed to Sport-Tex material pull ring design and the standard manual transmission; the steering wheel and gearshift position is a peaceful setting for driving.
The red font above the gear lever improves the recognition, the gear stroke is short, the gear position is clear, and the clutch feedback is slightly heavy. Still, the overall operation feeling is very “comfortable”—the bloody shifting process.
The steering wheel adopts a three-spoke shape with a slightly smaller diameter, and the operation feels excellent. And the lower right corner is the driving mode switch dial.
Emphasizing the Sport-Tex pull tab for light effect, the same design can also be seen on the Boxster Spyder model.
The Boxster T comes standard with the Sports Timing Package, but since the car is not equipped with a PDK transmission, there is no Sport Response function on the steering wheel driving mode dial.
The constant temperature air conditioner is an electronic heating and cooling air conditioner, but it is not a problem for car owners who like to open the roof.
The multimedia console of the centre console has many built-in functions, including multimedia playback, satellite navigation, and Bluetooth communication.
The open-top switch for the convertible is located behind the rear seat, and the image-style buttons are easy to operate. There are also function buttons for suspension damping, tail lift, and exhaust pipe noise on both sides.
The instrument adopts a three-ring configuration. The tachometer in the centre, the speedometer on the left, and the LCD screen on the right can switch and display information according to the driver’s needs.
The driving mode switch dial is located at the bottom right of the steering wheel, and there are Standard, Sport, Sport+ and Custom modes.
The paddle on the lower left of the steering wheel is a fixed-speed operation function. If necessary, the ACC function can be upgraded through the option.
After the front trim panel of the passenger seat is opened, you can see the configuration of double cup holders. Although the drinks can be fixed firmly, if you place cold beverages, you will inevitably have concerns about water droplets on your body.
The standard seat adopts the electric two-way sports car upgrade seat. The seatback is electrically adjusted, the rest are manually adjusted, and the seat surface is made of Sport-Tex material.
The most significant difference between the 718 Boxster T and the Boxster Spyder that I have tested before is that the power output level is just at the two ends of the story.
The Boxster Spyder uses a 4.0-litre horizontal six-cylinder natural intake setting, with a maximum power of 420ps, 43.8 km, while the Boxster T is a 2.0-litre flat four-cylinder setting with half the displacement, but with the blessing of turbocharging, the maximum power is still 300ps and 38.7kgm; just in terms of the sound of the engine, the Boxster T with four-cylinder configuration is difficult to compare with the six-cylinder model, but when you drive on the road, you will find that the low-speed power output of the Boxster T is a relatively smooth setting. It will have a rather violent thrust after the speed exceeds 4000rpm. Still, I must say, this is viewed with a relatively high standard.
After all, the car only needs 5.1 seconds to accelerate from 0 to 100km/h. If you have good driving skills, you can further develop the performance level that the Boxster T should have.
A convertible car that emphasizes driving fun, many people will directly think of Mazda’s MX-5. I had the opportunity to get along with the MX-5 for a long time, which proved that what the fans said was accurate, light, neat, and cornering. Until recently, the 718 Boxster T was tested, and the feeling of doing whatever you want to come back.
Manual, low centre of gravity are the standard features of Boxster T and MX-5 but don’t forget that Boxster T uses a mid-engine configuration, the change of centre of gravity when cornering is handier than MX-5, plus this car logo is Equipped with the PASM active suspension system, the handling of various corners and road conditions is very delicate. Even if the ceramic composite brake system is not equipped, the braking performance of the Boxster T can still find a more extreme corner entry in the corner. The best interpretation of this car is timing, pure and intuitive driving pleasure.
Porsche 718 Boxster T Specifications
Engine Type: Horizontal 4-cylinder turbocharged DOHC 16V
Maximum horsepower: 300ps/6500rpm Maximum torque : 38.7kgm / 1950~4500rpm
Connecting rod tire specifications: front 235/35ZR20, rear 265/ 30ZR20
Body size: 4379mm x 1801mm x 1281mm
Vehicle weight: 1335kg
Fuel tank capacity: 54 liters
Charged BMW M4 Csl 2022 – Specifications, Features, Engine
A charged BMW M4 CSL 2022 is presented. Features of the update, technical characteristics, parameters, equipment, and photos are revealed. The article’s end is a video review of the BMW M4 CSL 2022.
Charged and sported versions of cars always attract a lot of attention. One such example was the BMW M4 CSL 2022 coupe. Until recently, or rather, before the official premiere, BMW did its best to avoid talking about the new M4 CSL coupe and how fast it was according to Nurburgring tests. Today’s most record-breaking lap times belong to Porsche, Audi, and Mercedes-Benz.
Still, BMW will likely appear on the list. According to the press release, the lap at the Nordschleife, which is a distance of 20.832 kilometers, close to the Nürburgring, showed a time of 7 minutes and 20.207 seconds. This is a direct indicator that the new BMW M4 CSL can become a serious competitor for other companies.
According to the manufacturer, only 1,000 copies of the charged BMW M4 CSL 2022 will be produced. The starting price in Germany will be 165,200 euros. As for the measurements on the Nordschleife, it is still difficult to say whether this is a little or a lot. The classification of Nurburgring records forbids making direct comparisons, which of course, BMW took advantage of. The new charged BMW M4 CSL is more a sports car than a leader in the race. The record for today belongs to the Porsche 991 GT2 RS, the figure of which was 6 minutes and 43.3 seconds.
If we consider the fact that the new BMW M4 CSL is a stretched three-ruble note, then it can be attributed to mid-size sports cars. Then yes, the record will occur because today in this class, the best indicator was assigned to the Jaguar XE SV Project 8 – 7 minutes and 23.164 seconds. As for the CSL prefix in the title, it stands for Competition, Sport, Lightweight. Engineers say that this is a continuation of the previously known model BMW 3.0 CSL E9, released in the 70s.
The modern new model BMW M4 CSL largely repeats its predecessor three. The car received a rough aerodynamic body kit, although not as pronounced as that of a three-ruble note. The trunk got a famous ducktail, and the front optics received yellow LED daytime running lights. To reduce the weight of the new M4 CSL, the manufacturer made many parts from carbon fiber.
For example, a roof, a front splitter, a body of side rear-view mirrors, and a central body tunnel were made from such material. In total, this reduced the total weight by 11 kilograms. In addition, the manufacturer removed the excess noise insulation and installed a lightweight titanium exhaust. This also reduced the overall weight by 19 kg. You can list those details that reduce the car’s weight and improve dynamic performance for a very long time. The weight of the new BMW M4 CSL was reduced from 1725 to 1625 kg.
Under the hood of the new BMW M4 CSL, 2022 will offer in-line 6-cylinder petrol, turbocharged engine with a volume of 3.0 liters. A series of the S58 unit, which received increased boost pressure, 2.1 bar instead of 1.7. Reliability adds a lightweight forged crankshaft and engine mounts with increased rigidity. All this in total made it possible to increase the unit’s power from 510 to 55 horses, while the maximum torque remained the same – 650 Nm.
In tandem with the engine, the manufacturer will install an 8-speed automatic. For the BMW M4 CSL, the transmission will receive reinforced bearings and an improved gearshift system. Only the rear wheels will drive. According to the company, the BMW M4 CSL will be able to overcome the first hundred on the speedometer in 3.7 seconds and accelerate to 200 km / h in 10.7 seconds. The maximum speed will be limited to 307 km / h, but most likely, this is not the limit for such characteristics.
European dealerships have already started accepting pre-orders for the new BMW M4 CSL 2022. Deliveries of the first live copies are expected in July 2022.
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